African-American history in Maryland begins in 1634 with the arrival of indentured servant Mathias de Sousa, one of the 140 settlers who first traveled here and established Maryland.
While de Sousa’s story is inspiring - he voted in the early legislature - as tobacco became the basis of Southern Maryland’s economy, slavery became entrenched.
Explore African-American Heritage Sites
Our historic sites and museums such as Sotterley Plantation, the United States Colored Troops Memorial Monument, and Drayden African-American Schoolhouse, tell the story of our rich African-American history while mirroring the larger struggles of our nation. Visit an 1830s slave cabin, a Segregation Era schoolhouse, Civil War-related sites and AME churches.
Download a copy of our African-American Historic Sites Brochure
African-American History and Community, St. Mary's County
View a video produced as a student independent study project within the St. Mary's College of Maryland Theater, Film, and Media Studies Department, in conjunction with the Spring 2015 Anthropology of Tourism class.
Museums & Historic Sites
11175 Point Lookout Road
Scotland, Maryland 20687
St. Mary's Heritage
16922 St. Peter Claver Church Road
St. Inigoes, Maryland 20684
47777 Mattapany Rd.
Lexington Park, Maryland 20653